Causes of Gum Recession, Treatment And Prevention
Receding gums are denoted by the gum pulling away from the base structure of the teeth. The result of this is more of the lower section of a tooth, including the root being exposed, making it susceptible to cavities. If you notice any of these changes, you should visit a dentist and have the receding gums treated.
If the issue is not treated, the recession of the gums can cause the root of the teeth and the jawbone to become vulnerable. The risk include cavities, damage to the nerve of the tooth, infections, and tooth loss. So what are the causes and symptoms of gum recession and what are the most effective solutions?
What Causes Receding Gums?
Different factors can lead to the problem of receding gums. Some of the leading causes include:
It is the most common trigger for gum recession. The infection around the gums gradually eats the gums and the jawbone exposing the lower part of the teeth.
Brushing too hard or too much
As much as brushing the teeth daily is recommended for good dental health, it can be damaging when done wrong. Brushing too hard or too much can damage the gums causing them to recede.
Inadequate oral hygiene
Lack of or insufficient dental hygiene is a significant contributor to gum recession. It encourages the build up of plaque and harmful bacteria in the mouth that destroys the gums.
Hormonal changes that take place during different stages of development and life, such as puberty, pregnancy and menopause, can cause the gums to be vulnerable. Research shows that birth control hormones can have such an effect on some women.
Smoking tobacco hurts your teeth and gums. That same effect also happens when using smokeless tobacco. The use of tobacco irritates the gums, making them susceptible to periodontal disease. The presence of sugar in smokeless tobacco also increases the risk of tooth decay.
Grinding the teeth
People with a misaligned bite or who grind their teeth have significant patterns of wear evident in their teeth and gums. The damage increases the risk of gum recession.
Certain medications or medical conditions
Some medical conditions and the use of some types of drugs can inflame the gums causing them to be vulnerable to periodontal disease and receding gums.
How Can You Tell If Your Gums Are Receding?
A pink color characterizes healthy gums with a consistent gum line that runs around all the teeth. If the line is uneven, you will notice the recession. Some of the notable signs of this include:
- Gums pulling away
- The lower part of the teeth exposed.
- Reddish, inflamed gums
- Pain and discomfort
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing
- Teeth become loose
How Can You Fix Receding Gums?
Receding gums do not grow back. Therefore, it is necessary that you consult a dentist and seek proper treatment. You will get personalized ways of preventing the receding of the gums. If you have healthy teeth and gums, they may put up a good fight and prevent the disease from progressing.
A deep cleaning may be necessary along with the use of antibiotics, but it depends on the amount of damage. The cleaning and the antibiotics aid in clearing out the bacteria and stopping the infection. For severe cases, tissue grafting and a bit of surgery may be required to fix the damaged gums and bones structure.
It is necessary to point out that periodontal disease is not the only cause of gum recession. Therefore, treating or preventing the disease as well as aligning overbites, quitting tobacco use, and use of a customized night guard are also some of the defensive and preventive measures that will keep the gum recession from occurring.
You Can Fight Gum Recession
The experts recommend observing proper oral hygiene by brushing and flossing daily, at least twice as the first effective answer to dealing with receding gums. However, they also do recommend going for routine dental checkups, at least twice a year, as well as eating a healthy diet that promotes dental health.
From the above, knowing the cause of this dental health issue does not solve the problem. It, however, does place you in a better position to know the preventive measures to take. If you do notice or suspect that your gums are pulling away from your teeth, you should see a dentist. The doctor will examine you to diagnose the problem and identify the cause.
Always remember, a healthy mouth is the foundation for a bright and beautiful smile. If you take good care of your teeth and gums, then you will preserve that healthy smile and keep dental complications at bay.